The Style of East Java
The East Javanese period starts in the late 10th Century, by which time
Hinduism, and its art forms had been present on Java for at least 7 centuries.
If during the Central Javanese period there is evidence of builders and
designers working under the direction of artisans from the Indian motherland, in
East Java, this is less so, and both architecture and ornament evolve to develop
a unique style.
East Javanese temples are distinguished by their slender and tall structures. This style began
to develop in the Late Hindu Period in Central Java as represented by Candi
Prambanan. Not many have come down to us in a good condition. The temples are typically built of brick, and the height made them vulnerable to earth quakes. Candi
Ngetos, Candi Bangkal, Candi Sawentar and Candi Sumberjati are all believe to have had tall roofs.
Candi of which the roof is still intact include Candi
Bajang Ratu, Candi Kidal and Candi
Jawi. A second reason why few of the tall towers still exist is that it
became common to build the temple superstructure with wood and fiber (ijuk) as
is still common on Bali. None of these materials have survived, but we know from
temple reliefs that this was a common method of construction in East Java.
East Javanese temples also sport a different lay-out from the Central Javanese ones. Central Java's temples sit
centre space on their compound whilst those of East Java sport a less symmetrical
Below, the temples are listed according to the period of construction. They are
spread around East Java, with Malang, Mojokerto and Blitar being home to the
most important sites. The itineraries page
shows the temples per area to facilitate planning a visit.
Temples from the Central Javanese Period
Temples from the Early East Javanese Period:
Temples from the period of Singasari
Temples from the period of Majapahit at
Temples from the period of Majapahit
outside of the capital
Candi Gayatri (Tulungagung)
Candi Gunung Gansir (Porong)
Candi Jago - see Singasari
Candi Jawi (ds. Andang Biru Kec. Tiris Probolinggo)
Candi Jedong (1326, ds. Jedong, Kec. Ngoro, Mojokerto)
Candi Panataran (1320/70,
ds. Panataran, Kec. Nglegok, Blitar)
Candi Rimbi (ds. Wonosalam,
Candi Simping/ Candi Sumberjati (1309,
Candi Surawana (1388, Pare,
Candi Tegowangi (14thC, Pare,
Statue of Jaka Dolog